寶寶多大需要補充益生菌呢?

隨著嬰兒進入發育期,由於其免疫系統尚未成熟,很容易受外界病菌感染,促使有害菌大量繁殖,導致寶寶體內有益菌減少,出現食欲下降、厭食不振、消化吸收功能下降、體質瘦弱、反複生病等病症。所以許多媽媽就開端頻頻給自己的寶寶更換奶粉、在患病時服用抗生素,導致寶寶腸道功用紊亂,腹瀉等病症發病更頻頻。

我喜歡culturelle它以滴管式設計,以每日5滴份量,可滴入寶寶口中、奶或寶寶的飲料中,使用前先搖勻瓶身 (建議開封後60日內使用完),而我的方式是滴入奶中,方便易用。

其實寶寶一歲以下腸道免疫調節差,長期頻繁更換奶粉是寶寶腸道難以適應,結果出現腹瀉,厭食等症狀,久而久之,讓寶寶的體質變得比較差,經常生病。在寶寶患病後,許多時分會用到抗生素,成果將寶寶體內的有害菌和有益菌一同殺死,使寶寶腸道缺少免疫維護,細菌乘機進入,使寶寶的體質越來越壞。這時正確的辦法應該是及時為寶寶彌補益生菌,協助寶寶康複腸道免疫力,促進消化吸收,從根本上堅決寶寶厭食、體弱多病等症狀。

唯有安慰自己這是一場好好的體驗令我不得不考慮入手兒童益生菌來幫小Timson打好腸胃底子。

為孩子補充益生菌的方法有哪些呢?添加市售的益生菌產品變化,添加了益生菌嬰兒配方奶粉,酸奶,酸奶,細菌粉末,膠囊和其它細菌。主要攝入途徑包括:飲用酸奶,在嬰兒配方奶或果汁中加入活性幹粉,醫生給予膠囊劑型。喝優酪乳是日常學習生活環境中最重要自然的攝取主要方式,一般企業而言,每ml優酪乳含有一億個活的乳酸菌,由此我們可知飲用優酪乳可以攝取到自己不少腸胃道益菌。至於如何補充益生菌的效果,產品必須以核實信念實驗或質量,因此,我們建議選擇質量可靠的產品更可靠,以免浪費了冤枉錢。

可以平衡及改善腸胃道、增強人體自身抵抗力,幫助緩解小肚子不適等腸胃問題,後來我看了這款由美國兒科醫生都推薦的culturelle兒童益生菌滴劑,覺得幾適合小Timson服用。

此外,當寶寶一歲以後,可玩吃優格的遊戲,例如:在軟硬度如布丁的原味優格中,拌入不含防腐劑的新鮮果醬,當點心食用,剛開始有些寶寶對於優格的酸味可能會不適應,但不久就會喜歡這種酸甜的口感,尤其夏天食用最為合適。除了一些新鮮制作果醬產品之外,也可以在原本我們就有一種甜味的優格中拌入果泥、果肉丁、蔬菜泥、碎蔬菜等,自行進行調配,不但能夠增加用湯匙喂食的樂趣,同時也將營養吃進去。為寶寶補充益生菌要選擇放心的產品哦。

相關文章:

益生菌的作用

初生嬰兒拉肚子吃益生菌能治好嗎?

兩個月寶寶拉稀可以吃益生菌嗎?

怎樣選擇益生菌飲品?

益生菌的功能有哪些?

直銷並非變相傳銷

如今,仍然有很多人認為直銷是一種變相的傳銷。可事實真的是這樣嗎?其實真正的直銷,並非如此! 對於真正從事直銷行業的朋友來說,聽過更多關於直銷的誤解,認為直銷是變相的傳銷,那些說這些話的人,真的明白直銷和傳銷嗎? 有些人不理解這兩者,有些人被欺騙了,有些人聽到了一些片面的話。。。 不分原因,直銷不是傳銷。直銷 代理

那直銷的運作模式是什么樣的?通過自己的直銷企業掌握的技術,開發出一系列的高科技健康產品,直接檢查遵守法律,遵守招聘銷售人員來銷售產品,沒有中間人之後。直銷員是直接從公司拿貨,產品的質量管理更加有保障,這對中國消費者來說發展也是更值得我們信任的。

操作的傳銷模式是什么? 參與傳銷的人大多被“暴利”搞糊塗了,他們沒有合法正規的產品,只是靠拉人,欺騙消費者從中賺取利益,他們不會擔心別人的健康、財產安全。直銷和傳銷發展有著自己本質上的區別,不可管理混為一談。直銷人,做好自己才能不被誤會!在直銷行業的朋友們辛苦了,不想被誤認為是傳銷,它必須從一開始就自行啟動。

提高辨別能力,在此之前准備從事直銷業務,你必須加入我們的團隊或你要對公司進行全面的了解,以確保他們參與直銷企業的合法合規;其次,我們必須明白,建議你在他的性格怎么樣,因為老師帶你進入這個行業會影響你以後的發展進入這個行業的老師,看看。

守好道德底線,直銷人,當你願意堅持使用自己的努力,願意為實現直銷行業的夢想,他們的財務自由,然後跟上他們的道德底線。 首先,我們應該讓自己成為一個合格的直銷員,更多地了解醫療保健,更多地了解所銷售的產品,更多地了解直銷企業,不要試圖依靠欺騙來獲得短期利益。其次你得保持一個真誠,不誇大、不欺騙,真實的面對中國消費者,以此來獲得學習他們的信任,為之後的發展研究奠定理論基礎。

相關文章:

直銷掌握好關鍵詞就能收獲大趨勢

生活的底氣來源於直銷

直銷就算再賺錢這幾類人也不適合

成年人賺錢養家直銷來幫你

2020年做直銷這個方向才值得追

如何做好孩子的教育?

養育孩子是一個偉大的事情,因為孩子是祖國未來的希望,也是家庭的新希望,每個人都在對孩子的教育,平時的時候,錢是多的家庭。對於一個孩子的教育,尤其是孩子剛開始說話,進入學生學習的階段,應該如何做好哪些知識教育呢?現在在我們學習生活中,很多學生家長都比較犯愁,怎樣能讓自己孩子進行快速的開始識字,打開孩子的智慧之門,家長認為應該如何做好哪些呢?下面和小編一起看看吧。Project CFA

餅幹盒是孩子的好朋友,活用生活中孩子常見的文字信息進行識字教學教育。對這些孩子的文本喜歡吃餅幹盒切,靈活地開展素質教育,效果會很好。 這樣會讓孩子對文字更感興趣,並主動挑出來告訴你..

充分利用廣告牌和圖畫書,孩子3歲能說一句想表達的。在街上走的時候,有很多材料都可以作為教學素養。孩子看見廣告牌、交通指示牌、圖書、報紙、餅幹包裝上出現的文字,會隨時問“媽媽,這是什么”。孩子對物品產生好奇心的同時,也對語言產生了學習興趣,這正是我們進行學生識字教學教育的最好時機。

用染料玩文字遊戲,准備素描本、白色蠟筆、染料和毛筆。 先用白色蠟筆在速寫本上寫下各種詞語,並根據意思畫出相應的簡筆畫..比如,先用白色蠟筆寫下“蘋果”的字樣,再 在旁邊畫一個蘋果。然後用染料中毛筆蘸,塗在白色的蠟筆畫過的地方,本文將蘋果的單詞和模式出現。 幼兒看到原來白色的素描紙上逐漸出現的字和圖案,自然會對識字產生興趣..

年幼的孩子在學習過程中,不是像我們成人一樣,所以家長必須在高溫自然識字兒的時間選擇,但不要強迫。良好的子女教育需要從很小的時候就開始,所以對於孩子們也非常好車門打開,可以更適合孩子的智慧。 對於孩子來說,識字也是一個過程,家長在平時應該采取一些適當的方式和孩子進行一定的知識教育,平時根據一些孩子經常玩玩具,或者一些餅幹盒進行教育,這些方法在課文中對孩子來說,都很好哦..

相關文章:

寶寶愛打人家長如何處理?

注意孩子的學習姿勢避免頸椎病

教會你如何科學管理好孩子

正確教育兒童學會傾聽更重要

如何培養孩子自己吃飯

先天黑眼圈的原因

1. 眼下脂肪量過多,之所以現在有黑眼圈胖的人,大部分的這種現象。眼下脂肪向外隆起,再擠著脂肪的肌肉組織,肌肉組織和血管的血液循環不順暢,這也導致對整個更深的色調,並在皮膚下是變速器的突出部位,黑眼圈的形成。眼下進行脂肪組織重組術是把眼袋脂肪鋪平道路同時移動到眼淚壟溝凹陷的手術,是解決出現黑眼圈最好方式方法。

Chantecaille Beauté去黑眼圈眼霜,透過嶄新的科研技術,蘊含豐富抗衰老的活性草本成分,有助解決各種眼部問題,以豐盈潤澤質感,能瞬間緊緻明眸,淡化黑眼圈、消減浮腫。
2.眼下脂肪不足,黑眼圈缺少脂肪,因為眼窩是洞穴狀結構,所以整體看起來很暗.. 原來現在的脂肪有覆蓋眼下骨的作用,現在的脂肪不足,使現在的骨骼輪廓更加明顯.解決方案:將目前脂肪填充的單個脂肪細胞移植

3.深沉的眼淚壟溝,最嚴重的情況是淚溝深的原因,形成了黑煙不道德的境界,使眼袋、黑眼圈更加明顯。為了解決這樣的症狀。眼下脂肪重組手部手術,現在刻脂肪淚溝移動到手術的抑鬱症。

4.皮膚的色素沉澱,本身膚色較黑,眼睛的顏色深而下降時,它是色素沉著可引起皮膚顏色的變化。皮膚的色素進行沉澱主要是因為中國皮膚彈力下降或老化等引起的。用激光手術可以通過改善這種環境問題。有各種形式各樣的黑眼圈的原因,治療研究方法也不同。

相關文章:

蜂蜜如何去黑眼圈

去黑眼圈注意事項

黑眼圈怎么快速消除

怎樣去除黑眼圈最有效

3招明亮眼眸去除黑眼圈

女性選擇要慎重不合適的胸罩胸罩你生病

案例一:軟組織嚴重挫傷他們病人進行感覺以及腋窩前肋骨的位置可以隱隱作痛,不但碰著痛,連深深吸上一口氣,身體向後轉一轉出現都會有痛感。 “這不是惡性腫瘤,對吧?”病人焦慮不安。醫生發現,其實給病人帶來麻煩的是鋼托架上的胸罩,疼痛是由腋下肋骨上方的軟組織長期受壓而引起的。 醫生說,人體的乳腺組織比我們想象的要廣泛得多,它的上源在第二根肋骨,外源一直延伸到腋窩。如果鋼托的半徑不夠大,它只是停留在軟組織,長期壓迫,有可能損壞軟組織。

由「買錯胸圍戴錯Bra」的心心到現在都致力提供各款美體功能內衣,不論是修身或是運動內衣都款式齊備,而且尺碼和罩杯也有多項選擇,保證用戶能挑選最適合自己的內衣。Bodibra更設有免費修改服務,為顧客提供最貼心的承諾。

病例2:脂肪壞死患者乳房下有一個小腫塊,按壓時會感覺隱隱作痛,同時皮膚表面色素沉著..通過檢查,醫生發現,腫塊是個壞死的脂肪組織,需要手術摘除。手術後經證實,脂肪壞死的質量與舊血有關。仔細詢問,病人說,文胸的鋼托壓迫往往在滑乳房的穿著胸罩中間,他幾乎24小時不睡覺,甚至關閉。醫生說,由於文胸不合適,罩杯沒法進行覆蓋到整個中國乳腺腫瘤組織,造成影響血液信息流通渠道不暢,鋼托長期壓迫乳腺組織及周邊的脂肪。 隨著時間的推移,乳房中的脂肪也會發生變化,逐漸形成壞死的腫塊..表皮細胞色素沉著是由壓迫中國造成的。

案例三:乳頭流膿一開始,病人進行感覺這個乳頭發生疼痛,有些出現紅腫,到後來,乳頭數量居然溢出了黃黃的液體。“是不是出現了什么病變?”有可能是你的胸罩買小了,文胸罩杯偏小,擠壓到了胸部,活動起來乳頭和文胸反複摩擦,再加上文胸本身的材質比較粗硬,在一再摩擦之下,嬌嫩的乳頭皮膚受到了挫傷。“每來一次出現月經,乳頭會脫一次皮,逐漸進行修複乳頭表皮的速度發展就會通過減慢。”

案例四:皮膚過敏的患者乳房皮膚微紅周圍,有很多大大小小的皮疹,瘙癢也直喊。醫生說,出現這種疾病,因為胸罩的材料有問題,有些胸罩襯裏材料不是全棉的,一般人可能無所謂,但如果自己是過敏體質,很容易生病。

相關文章:

女孩子佩戴文胸有講究

beautiful女士穿戴文胸的四大誤區

女人知道如何保養文胸嗎?

孕婦產後選擇文胸不對易產後無奶

女人穿著隱形胸罩當心乳房濕疹

防曬霜使用一次能用多久

防曬霜使用一次能用多久

進入夏天後,每個人都知道要做防曬霜,因為夏天的太陽很毒,只要出去曬太陽就會變黑。對於女性來說,保持肌膚的美白一 直都是非常的重視,大家應該注意組做好防曬。塗一次防曬霜是維持一整天還是短短幾個小時,這是不少人都存有的疑問。 究竟可以使用進行一次防曬霜對大家的肌膚保養能保持持續多久的時間呢?下面一起看看吧。深層清潔 好用

1、抹一次防曬霜最多的人只能通過維持兩小時塗一次防曬霜不能持續防曬一整天。一般防曬霜只能保護你免受紫外線傷害大約兩小時,過後就沒有多少防曬效果了。所以,為了防止曬傷、皮膚老化甚至癌變,需每隔兩小時塗一遍防曬霜。皮膚再生

2、即使不暴曬,也要塗防曬霜。很多人錯誤地認為只有在泳池、海灘等暴曬的地方才需要塗防曬霜,實際上,我們每天走在街上、開車這些日常活動都會使皮膚暴露在陽光下,同樣需要塗防曬霜。噴霧防曬霜易燃。使用防曬噴霧時,需要遠離火焰(如煤氣灶、燒烤架等),因為防曬噴霧是易燃的,很可能會導致燒傷。防曬噴霧的另一個缺點是容易噴不均勻,導致有的皮膚得不到保護。Nutriol 賦活洗髮及護髮系列

3、即使其他化妝品有防曬功效,也需要塗防曬霜。有人覺得乳液、粉底等其他化妝品上也標有防曬指數,所以就不需要塗防曬霜了。其實不然,塗抹化妝品時往往是很不均勻的,這就會導致防曬效果不均勻,所以還是需要在塗其他化妝品前先均勻地塗一層防曬霜。

以上就是小編和大家總結的幾點,做好肌膚的防曬工作才能保持好肌膚的保養,對於防曬的時間,一般可以2個小時左右進行 補充,這樣的肌膚的防曬會有好處。雖然相對毒辣的夏日陽光,但仍然要注意做出相應的防范工作,以保護自己的皮膚肌肉問題。防曬霜過去是夏天必備的防曬霜,但是在使用防曬霜的時候還是要了解防曬常識,這樣對皮膚的保養就很好了..

相關文章:

卷發如何梳理呢?

教你皮肤如何控制油

改掉這些壞習慣進行預防長斑

如何養出好肌膚呢

哪些方法可以預防皮膚過敏?

As the age increases, the bone mass and bone strength

As the age increases, the bone mass and bone strength of the elderly will gradually decrease. In the first six years after menopause, women’s bone mass decreased by as much as 5 percent. They lose up to 20 percent of their bone density in 10 years. The effects of decreased bone density include osteoporosis, bone fractures, and easy falls. The good news is that older people can take some measures to strengthen bone strength.

The American health care guide website recently concluded seven ways to help increase bone density in older people.

In the sun. Vitamin D is essential for improving bone health. It can improve the absorption of calcium, increase bone density and improve muscle function. The national institutes of health recommends that the elderly take 600 international units of vitamin D daily, which is difficult to achieve on a single basis. Fortunately, a 15-minute exposure to the sun gives the body enough vitamin D.

Jumping. Everyone jumps up and down in childhood, which is good for bone health. Published in the American journal of health promotion, according to a study of women aged 25 to 50 jump 2 times a day, each jump 10 to 20, adhere to the four months later, their hip BMD have improved significantly. This is because the bones react to stress and become dense and strong. It is important to note that women who already have osteoporosis are not suitable for jumping exercise because their bones are too fragile and prone to fracture.

The load. Andrea, the head of the clinical division of the American osteoporosis foundation. Dr Singh said elderly counter weight training (such as walking, jumping aerobics, dance, run, jump rope) and strength training (such as with elastic belt, lift the lighter weights or doing yoga) can play an important role to increase bone density.

Have some beer. Moderate drinking (no more than one cup a day for women, and no more than 2 cups for men) has a higher bone density than those who don’t. To enhance bone density, beer is the best option because it contains a dietary source of silicon, a nutrient that is critical to bone health.

Eat plum. Nutrition research has found that drinking li zigan is not only good for digestion, but also for bone health. A study published in the journal of the international osteoporosis journal found that six months of post-menopausal women with li zig helped prevent osteoporosis. Li zigan is rich in magnesium, potassium, vitamin K and boron, all of which are needed for bone health. It’s enough to eat five li zi a day.

Get enough sleep. Published in the journal of the American geriatrics society, according to a study sleep less than six hours a night of older people suffer from osteoporosis is higher than the risk of sleep time long peers. This is because inadequate rest reduces the ability of the bones to repair themselves during sleep. Lack of sleep disrupts circadian rhythm, which in turn affects bone metabolism.

Eat more leafy greens. Leafy greens (including cauliflower, spinach, and cabbages) are a good source of calcium, and they are also rich in potassium, magnesium and vitamin K. A study published in the journal of bone and mineral research showed that people with fewer fruits and vegetables were 88 percent more likely to have a hip fracture than those who ate more fruits and vegetables. In addition, the elderly should limit the consumption of refined grains. Researchers at tufts university in the United States found that sulfur-containing compounds in grains can lead to osteoporosis.

me great pleasure

It gives me great pleasure to write a few words of introduction to Lieut.-Col. Preston’s History of the Desert Mounted Corps, which I had the honour to command. In writing this History Lieut.-Col. Preston has done a service to his country which I am sure will be fully appreciated, particularly, perhaps, by those who served in the Corps, and who feel that the part they played in the Great War is but little known to the general public. As a work on Cavalry Tactics, I trust it will be of some value to the student of Military History, and, if it does nothing else, it must demonstrate to the world that the horse-soldier is just as valuable in modern warfare as he ever has been in the past. Indeed, the whole of the operations in Palestine and Syria, under General Allenby, were text-book illustrations of the perfect combination of all arms, both in attack and defence, and the last operations in this theatre, which led to the total destruction of the Turkish Arms and the elimination of Germany’s Allies from the War, could not have been undertaken without large masses of Cavalry.

Lieut.-Col. Preston is well qualified to undertake the work. First of all in command of one of my finest Horse Batteries, and subsequently as C.R.A. of the Australian Mounted Division, he was often in touch with my Staff, being constantly employed on reconnaissance duties, in which he was peculiarly[Pg viii] expert. He served throughout the whole of the operations of which he writes, and had considerable previous experience in the Sinai Campaign, in which the Horse Artillery of the Desert Column played so conspicuous a part.

This History commences with the reorganisation of the British Troops in the Egyptian theatre of the War, on Sir Edmund Allenby taking over command in June 1917. The troops operating East of the Suez Canal had hitherto been known as the ‘Eastern Force,’ which had been successively commanded by Sir Herbert Lawrence, Sir Charles Dobell and Sir Philip Chetwode, who were again directly under the orders of the Commander-in-Chief in Cairo.

The advanced troops of ‘Eastern Force,’ viz., all the available Cavalry, Horse Artillery and Camel Corps, with from one to two Divisions of Infantry, had been organised into what was called ‘The Desert Column.’ Sir Edmund Allenby decided to take command of the troops in the Eastern Field himself. The available Infantry was formed into two Army Corps, and the Cavalry of the Desert Column was formed into a Cavalry Corps of three Divisions (subsequently increased to four on the arrival of the Indian Cavalry from France early in 1918). The name of the original Desert Column was preserved as far as possible in the title of the new Cavalry Corps, as most of the troops composing it had fought throughout the Sinai Campaign, and by them much had already been accomplished. The Turk had been driven from the vicinity of the Suez Canal, across[Pg ix] the Sinai Desert to the Palestine Border and beyond, and several hard-won battles had been fought. Also, covered by these operations, a railway and pipe line had been constructed, without which, under modern conditions, the further invasion of Palestine could not have been attempted.

Health insurance startup Alan adds life insurance

French startup Alan launched a brand new full-stack health insurance last year. This week, the company is launching corporate-owned life insurance so that it can become a one-stop shop for all your corporate insurance needs.

When Alan launched its health insurance product, it was the first new one in France in decades. The life insurance market has remained stagnant for years as well.

This time, Alan didn’t get its own license to launch a life insurance. Instead, the company is relying on its main investor’s license, CNP Assurances. But clients are going to love the fact that they’ll only have to deal with one insurance company for both their health plans and life insurance plans.

Compared to most competitors, Alan doesn’t lock you into a long-term contract. When you sign up, the company tells you what you’re going to pay and you know for sure that it’s going to remain the same for at least a year. But if you want to switch to a new provider, Alan isn’t going to stop you.

The monthly price of Alan’s life insurance depends on the salary. But you can expect to pay €17 for a €2,000 gross salary, €26 for €3,000, €39 for €4,000, etc. Then your employees are going to be covered if they have a major accident at work. Alan is going to take care of their families if they die.

According to Alan CEO Jean­-Charles Samuelian, the company didn’t expect that there would be a lot of demand for this product. But it turns out that most of their clients want to simplify their insurance contracts by centralizing everything with one insurance company.

Alan operates as a modern web service for this product too. You can send documents using your smartphone and pay online. Employees get their own dashboard. Alan automates all the paperwork for your accountants and sends data directly to your payroll provider.

Once again, it sounds basic but many insurance companies fail to provide this level of user experience. And it’s a huge business opportunity as health insurance alone represents $40 billion (€35 billion) while life insurance is a $17 billion market (€15 million).

treating of matters that

Among the Harleian MSS. there is a delightful2 phrase written by a seventeenth-century writer, in which, treating of matters that are not immediately concerned with the present subject, he remarks very quaintly that the first article of an Englishman’s Politicall Creed must be that he believeth in ye Sea etc. Without that there needeth no general Council to pronounce him uncapable of Salvation.” This somewhat sweeping statement none the less aptly sums up the whole matter of our colonisation and overseas development. The entire glamour of the Elizabethan period, marked as it unfortunately is with many deplorable errors, is derived from the sea. With the appreciation of what could be attained by a combination of stout ships, sturdy seamen, navigation, seamanship, gunnery and high hopes that refused persistently to be daunted, the most farsighted began to see that success was for them. Honours, wealth, the founding of families that should treasure their names in future generations, the acquisition of fine estates and the building of large houses with luxuries that exceeded the Tudor pattern—these were the pictures which were conjured up in the imaginations of those who vested their fortunes and often their lives in these ocean voyages. The call of the sea had in England fallen mostly on deaf ears until the late sixteenth century. It is only because there were some who listened to it, obeyed, and presently led others to do as they had done, that the British Empire has been built up at all.

Our task, however, is to treat of one particular way in which that call has influenced the minds and activities of men. We are to see how that, if it summoned some across the Atlantic to the Spanish3 Main, it sent others out to the Orient, yet always with the same object of acquiring wealth, establishing trade with strange peoples, and incidentally affording a fine opportunity for those of an adventurous spirit who were unable any longer to endure the cramped and confined limitations of the neighbourhood in which they had been born and bred. And though, as we proceed with our story, we shall be compelled to watch the gradual growth and the vicissitudes of the East Indian companies, yet our object is to obtain a clear knowledge not so much of the latter as of the ships which they employed, the manner in which they were built, sailed, navigated and fought. When we speak of the Old East Indiamen” we mean of course the ships which used to carry the trade between India and Europe. And inasmuch as this trade was, till well on into the nineteenth century, the valuable and exclusive monopoly of the East India Company, carefully guarded against any interlopers, our consideration is practically that of the Company’s ships. After the Company lost their monopoly to India, their ships still possessed the monopoly of trading with China until the year 1833. After that date the Company sold the last of their fleet which had made them famous as a great commercial and political concern. In their place a number of new private firms sprang up, who bought the old ships from the East India Company, and even built new ones for the trade. These were very fine craft and acted as links between England and the East for a few years longer, reaching their greatest success between the years 1850 and 1870. But the opening of the Suez Canal and the enterprise of steamships sealed their fate, so that4 instead of the wealth which was obtained during those few years by carrying cargoes of rich merchandise between the East and the West, and transporting army officers, troops and private passengers, there was little or no money to be made by going round the Cape. Thus the last of the Indiamen sailing ships passed away—became coal-hulks, were broken up; or, changing their name and nationality, sailed under a Scandinavian flag.

The East India Company rose from being a private venture of a few enterprising merchants to become a gigantic corporation of immense political power, with its own governors, its own cavalry, artillery and infantry, its own navy, and yet with its trade-monopoly and its unsurpassed regular service” of merchantmen. The latter were the largest, the best built, and the most powerfully armed vessels in the world, with the exception only of some warships. They were, so to speak, the crack liners of the day, but they were a great deal more besides. Their officers were the finest navigators afloat, their seamen were at times as able as any of the crews in the Royal Navy, and in time of war the Government showed how much it coveted them by impressing them into its service, to the great chagrin and inconvenience of the East India Company, as we shall see later on in our story.